Work Package 05: Curriculum Trends in Medical Education in Europe in the 21st Century
Curricula are being re-examined in medical schools across Europe in response to advances in medicine, changes in healthcare delivery, evolving public expectations including patient safety, new approaches to education and developments in educational technology. The expected learning outcomes, the curriculum strategies, the methods of teaching and learning and the assessment procedures are all under review.
Some 100 years after the Flexner Report on medical education in Europe, the time is right to review the position at the beginning of the 21st Century and to examine how schools are addressing emerging themes such as: the move to outcome-based education; professionalism and medical ethics; the application of the new learning technologies; customisation of teaching and learning to meet the needs of a more diverse group of students; assessment of learning outcomes not previously assessed; the continuum of education from undergraduate through postgraduate to continuing professional development; and recognition of the international dimensions of medical education, exemplified in a transnational approach. Many of these trends are supported by national and European directives including the Bologna Process. Concern has been raised about possible tensions between the curricular trends and the published directives, in particular those relating to the two cycle model. There is a need to demonstrate synergy between the directives and trends identified in medical education.
The current positions, aspirations and actions of European medical schools relating to the current trends will be ascertained. Case studies will be identified where significant curricular developments have been implemented and where this has been done in line with and supported by the Bologna Process and other European Directives.