Work Package 06: Integration of the Bologna Process within Medical Schools in Bologna Countries
The Bologna Process encompasses the most important and wide-ranging reform of higher education to take place in Europe for 30 years. The Bologna Process is a politically driven process that relies on a bottom-up approach from universities and other interested groups in order to develop strategies with which to implement the agreed goals. While many elements when applied to medicine are non-controversial, problems have been identified with issues such as the proposal for a two-cycle model. Those opposing the implementation of the process have expressed serious concerns that the result would be a retrograde step reinforcing the separation of the basic and clinical sciences in the curriculum. Others have pointed out that this need not be the case and that an innovative curriculum involving, for example, a spiral process can be built based on the Bologna recommendations. There is in general, however, a significant level of lack of clarity and confusion about the implications of the Bologna Process for medical education and the current trends. A preliminary study conducted by AMEE and MEDINE1 has helped to illuminate the process but further work is necessary (Patricio et al, 2008).
It is the aim of this Work Package, in the context of the curriculum trends identified in Work Package 5, to ascertain an updated position with regard to adoption of the Bologna Process in medical schools in the Bologna countries, and to look at how the Bologna Process can be integrated with what are seen as the desired curriculum developments and how it can serve as a basis for the implementation of these trends in medical education.